It has been easy, since the campaign season, to compare statements and actions by Donald Trump with Adolf Hitler. Also comparable is the excited reaction of support by a significant minority of the population. Additionally, what can also be compared is the silence of a larger minority of the population providing tacit approval. These two groups provide a majority base for power.

So, using Nazi Germany in the 1930s and early 1940s as an example, why do “good” people stay silent when witnessing discrimination of others? Later on, it can easily be understood that they were frightened that they too would become a target for internment or death. But at the beginning of the growth of power, why the silence?

All the insight I have is based on discussion with people I know who supported Trump during his candidacy. I was told “He doesn’t mean that” many times. When asked how they knew that, the discussion faltered, but the tenacity to that one statement was evident, “I know.”

Each of us is indoctrinated to think certain ways. It may be the way you were raised, or it may be completely opposite the parental viewpoint, but our upbringing–the ethics displayed in our households, the education we had (meaning how we learned to learn, not just how we did on tests), and the people in our close circle all influence the way we think and act.

I, for one, was taught early and often about World War II. My grandparents were immigrants in the early 20th Century and we lost family members in the Holocaust. It was personal and there was no doubt about it but I was taught to hate Germany. As young as three years old, I watched the documentaries showing newsreels of the U.S. Army liberating the death camps. I know what slow starvation looks like. I also know what determination to survive despite the odds looks like.

When I had the opportunity to travel (for work) to Germany to spend six months there on a project working with the U.S. Army, I was uncharacteristically slow jumping at the chance for free travel. I understood why and I tried to face that prejudice learned as a baby and overcame it logically. And I accepted the assignment. 

Waiting at the Frankfurt airport for another part of the team to arrive from the States, I had plenty of time to people-watch and came to an obvious but, to me, important understanding: they look just like me. And when our coworkers arrived, we got on a train to head to Kaiserslautern, and I thought, oh yeah, here I am, a Jew, on a train in Germany. The next morning, reporting to the military office, I noticed the swastikas that were part of the architecture. The base had been built in the 1930s. The specter was all around me. Despite my best intentions, a certain low level anxiety showed I had carried much of my baggage with me.

So why did “good” Germans and others in occupied Europe, for the most part, stay quiet about the actions being taken against the Jews, the Communists, the homosexuals, the gypsies, the handicapped? Was it mostly fear that they might be next?

Or was it that they really agreed that these groups of people were inferior and the nation, the world, would be better off without them?

We see denial of similar issues here and now in our own nation. For example, we hear lots of white people complaining about the silent and nonviolent kneeling protest during the national anthem at professional football games. They believe, because it is the information being presented by news sources they trust, that the protestors are not being respectful of the flag and, by their actions, the veterans who fought to protect our rights. They will not recognize the actual purpose of the protest. They believe that people have trouble with the police because they are bad people, but 100% stop talking about the issue when I asked what a twelve-year-old sitting on a playground swing holding a toy gun did so bad that he was shot dead within seconds of the police arrive on the scene.

This lack of facing facts is a clear sign of cognitive dissonance, the stubborn and willful choice to not consider information that is not aligned with their convictions. And all of us have some level of this infliction.

It is so very easy to think that what I believe is THE RIGHT WAY TO THINK and that everyone else is crazy or stupid. But that way of thinking is also cognitive dissonance.

This morning, as I am writing, there are statements by various high level Republicans who have an opinion about Roy Moore’s alleged sexual behavior affecting the upcoming election for Senator from Alabama to fill Jeff Session’s seat. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has stated that if the allegations are true, Moore should step out of the race. But other Republication leadership are once again blaming the women (why did they wait so long?) and are fully supporting Moore.

With the recent #MeToo social media campaign I remembered and told my kids about one incident in my life where my boss tried to inappropriately insinuate himself into my life (I was twenty-four at the time and he was forty-nine). Recently I read there is a new social media campaign gaining ground to “Name the Pig.” Instead of telling how we were assaulted, we are encouraged to name the person who behaved illegally and unethically. So, I think about that former boss of mine. He would be eighty-eight years old now, if he is still alive. What good would it serve to “out” him? None, I believe. (I dealt with that boss directly, facing him and telling him he had been inappropriate and it had to stop. He listened and complied…at least to me.) But I also support every woman, from Anita Hill to the women who named Bill Cosby to the ones in the Moore situation, for speaking out when we are dealing with a man who has been a role model or could become politically powerful.

Meanwhile, we continue to have at the head of our government a man whose code of ethics seems to be best described as “ME FIRST.” The diehard supporters still believe in what the rest of us know are empty promises (I’ll get your coal jobs back, I will make sure everyone has affordable health care coverage…and more, so many more). One supporter, in the course of a calm and reasonable conversation stated, “I think Trump is the savior of this nation.” I knew that the ground had tilted and there was no middle place to find a commonality there.

So why are these people this way? Simply, they are not hearing nor reading what the rest of us are learning. They typically rely on media that comes from the same viewpoint and never cross-check with other news sources to see another aspect of the same issue. Before condemning him or the countless others, think first. Do you? Do you cross-check issues that are getting your blood pressure up? Or do you just confirm with other sources that are in the same camp?

Most of us react emotionally first and often speak next. Few recognize that if the information just received appeals to your sense of greed or outrage it MUST be verified by cross-checking across the media–liberal and conservative. I urge everyone to take the few minutes it takes to do that search and read before climbing aboard some bandwagon that you might not like to own later.

Remember, the “good” people of Germany allowed things to take place that eroded their prior sense of right and wrong because it was not directly affecting them…until it did; and then, it was too late for most to take a stand.

We live in a nation that has an amazing set of laws backed by the Constitution that provides protections for all people here to speak their mind, gather in public, practice their faith, purchase weapons for home protection and hunting, keep from illegal search and seizure, protection from having soldiers living inside your home, certain rights of prisoners and people arrested, and other rights kept by the people and by the individual states. The NRA has massaged the fear of firearms being confiscating to drum up massive purchasing by frightened people. The fact that some news agencies report on the inept leadership currently in Washington does not mean they are fake news; it means the people responsible want to distract you by blaming the messenger.

Don’t ignore the message.

[Beth Rankin lives with her husband Graham in McMinnville, Oregon. She is a frequent contributor to Columnist with a View. You can read her blog at:  goingplaceslivinglife]



What is life?

Life connotes all animal and vegetable entities that are self-replicating, sensitive and temporary. Life has one beginning, one end.

What is important in man’s life?

Food, sex and religion–in that order. (eating, coitus and preaching)

These three are primary, mandatory and essential.

Religion distinguishes man from all other species. (Gods are mythological, and religion is an invention of man but remains an important factor in human activity today.)



Secondary areas of importance in man’s life are the arts: manual, visual and mental, work, producing something, and esthetics, evaluating, criticizing and contemplating.

Man’s life may be greatly influenced by emotions such as love or hate and by varying degrees of happiness or melancholy.

Men have varying levels of intelligence, but they all contemplate death.


What is death?

Death involves all animal and vegetable entities that are self-replicating, sensitive and temporary. Death occurs once at the end of Life, and it is eternal.

[David C. Williams is a retired, professional mechanical engineer. He is a writer, artist, and philosopher. He is 94 years old and lives alone in Ashland, Kentucky.]





Our social and political issues argued hourly in mainstream media outlets, and even in this journal (Huntington, WV Herald-Dispatch), seem to eventually devolve into one basic question - Who is telling the truth?

Whether one views MSNBC or Fox, reads Milt Hankins or George Will, the various pundits accuse some leaders of misrepresenting the truth while claiming others speak the truth: Is Donald Trump tweeting the truth? Did James Comey avoid the truth? Who is telling the truth about health care legislation? With these questions bandied about, the debate spirals to the pundits engaging in something akin to a schoolyard confrontation where one student screams “IS NOT” followed by the other retorting “IS TOO” which are volleyed until either a teacher steps in or punches fly.

When asked about the truth, our general inclination is to reach for the facts. We do this so much that we seem to conflate facts with truth. But, if fact and truth are equivalent, then why do we, in the English language, use two separate words?

According to my go-to source (etymonline.com) the word “fact” is derived from the Latin word factum, meaning an event, occurrence or achievement. In contrast, the word “truth” has a different origin, derived from an Old English word triewo, meaning faith, fidelity and loyalty. In recent usage, the two words have increasingly become synonymous. Perhaps it is time to unbundle them for the sake of bringing public discourse away from our present schoolyard spat and towards a civil and meaningful debate.

I humbly propose two ways of separating truth from fact. 

First, let’s abandon the word “truth” from civil and political discourse. Truth is a deeply textured word running through theological and philosophical thought, engaging matters of faith and belief well beyond the realm of facts. For example, in my Christian tradition, the Passion of Christ includes a moment when Jesus proclaims that he came to testify to the truth. Pontius Pilate responds, “What is truth?” and then walks away.

Did Pilate recognize the futility of his question by walking away, or did he recognize that Jesus was the way, the life and the truth? One thing for sure–neither Jesus nor Pilate were talking about facts. Rather, there is an elusive quality in their exchange. Taking our cue from them, maybe we should leave the truth out of political and civil discussion and stick to the facts.

Second, we can continue treating fact and truth as equivalents, removing the word “the” which generally precedes them. Doing so removes the singularity of each word, making it less definitive. So, “the” truth become “a” truth and “the” fact becomes “one” fact.

This alternate proposition flows from the lesson I learned from the Indian parable of the four blind men and the elephant, wherein each man describes the animal from his own perspective, with one describing a tail, the other an ear, one a foot and, finally, one a trunk. Each blind man speaks factually and truthfully, but none perceives “the” truth or “the” fact due to his inability to perceive the totality of the animal. Likewise in our public discourse, we should question seriously anyone who thinks they know it all.

So, maybe we should hearken back to Joe Friday and ask for “Just the facts.” Or maybe we should speak of truths rather than the truth. No matter which route we take, it is better than the present, banal course of exchange presented in the news of the day. 

[J. William St. Clair is a United Methodist Clergyman and Legal Aid attorney who lives with his wife and family in Huntington, West Virginia. This is his third contribution to Columnist with a View.]

SHORT FICTION by James Merritt

SHORT FICTION by James Merritt

[James Merritt is a master of short fiction.  He is especially talented at weaving a story from almost any subject–from horror to humor.  Following are four stories we think you’ll enjoy–or, at least get a “kick” out of!]


With each balloon that popped, his future died a little more. His dreams of hearing, changing, and expressing the world through music ending with each dart thrown. With the air escaping a million unknown futures falling behind him. Once he was a young child whose mother daily forced him to practice singing, violin, and piano.

When he turned twelve, he found his talents multiplying daily. On the same day his mother discovered heroin.

By fourteen, he simply had to escape the destruction of what was left of his home. He ran off to a carnival and worked, thinking he would only stay until he was old enough to escape as an adult. Working the balloon pop station for four years destroyed his hearing–ending what was the great hope of humanity. He had had the potential to put all other musicians past and present to shame. Potential to save humanity from war through the purest beauty in the universe. Now, humanity would be lost–the world’s destruction due to a balloon pop.



The fly found its soulmate from its previous life and buzzed around his head. Landing on the human, he shared his coffee, lightly caressed his hand.

The fly was driving the man nuts! It was buzzing around his head, landing on his coffee cup, and crawling up and down his arm.

The man picked up the bright green tool of death and swatted the fly, not quite killing it with the first blow–realizing only after the first attack of his loves true form. So, he hit it again and again, destroying his love in hopes of it coming back in a more pleasant form. Perhaps they could be together in another life.

Huzzah! One less fly in the world.



Well below the deepest hidden basement of the forgotten Smithsonian lies a cavern filled with artifacts from distant galaxies–hidden there by those who do not want mankind to know of alien life.

In the darkest corner of the dusty cavern, lit by a single bulb, on a stand sits a pair of beautifully engraved leather shoes. Swirling over the old skin are flowers carved, mixed with maps of the infinite universe. These shoes outshine the most beautiful ever created.

The shoes found their way here after the death of their creator. The majestic shoes were created by an alien named Herschel. Herschel came from a distant world of creatures that look very much like me and you. A major difference is, in his world, each individual spends their life on a singular project–perfecting it to mastery. Herschel had traveled the stars in search of his medium–to create his life’s majesty. He crash landed on a roof in New York City and spent his short lifetime in the same building; although long for his species of five earth years. During this time he only befriended one person–an old Jewish leather worker named Takhash. Takhash taught Herschel his skill.

At the end of Herschel’s life, he presented the shoes to Takhash who discovered, unlike humans, Herschel and his people had hooves instead of feet. As Herschel had only seen people with shoes on, he assumed they were just a strange earth-style. Due to this, his one-of- a-kind shoes insides were made for a hoof. 

The next day, Takhash found Herschel dead outside his door. When he called the police, men in black came and took the body and shoes away. After being studied, the shoes were hidden away from humanity. The glorious work of Hershel’s existence were never against seen by the living, but by spiders and dust mites. When the earth’s end came in the final moments, the spirits of the earth sought out the most beautiful sights. The earth itself paused its shakes and volcanoes for a moment in awe of a pair of beautiful, intricately-designed shoes.



He woke screaming from his nightmare, and realizing it was only a dream, got out of bed. He went to his kitchen–being extra quiet so the monsters did not hear him. The giant flying monster killed his mom, and his father was shot and killed, leaving him alone in the high rise with all of his noisy neighbors. He grabbed a handful of nuts and found a comfortable seat while he chewed his morning dinner.

All of a sudden his house shook, and he knew it was the end when he heard timber as the terrorist monsters toppled the high rise, not even giving warning to evacuate. As he tumbled and fell to the ground, the smash of his home hitting the ground was deafening. Hobbling outside on his broken leg he looked up at the monsters just in time to see the forest descend on the beasts.

The flying monsters attacked their eyes while spiders bit any uncovered skin. He crawled up a leg of the thing and bit it where its legs came together. The thing let out a piercing scream as a bear came in and clawed out its throat. When other forests lost their spirit protectors they became fearful of the two-legged monsters. Not this forest, for the creatures in it were trained to kill. When left alone, they only killed each other for meat, but when a man-beast entered they never left alive. The entire crew of monsters were dead within minutes, their bodies devoured within two days and their metal buried with berry bushes planted on top.

Next time you need a tree, ask its inhabitants first. Make sure to give thirty days notice of eviction; otherwise, your nuts may become chips!

[James Merritt lives in Maryland. He is a teacher, entrepreneur, story-teller and writer. We are pleased to have published several of James’s stories in Columnist with a View, so you can search the Archives for other short-shorts. He has published a small collection which is available on Amazon.com.]





This explains why friends forward jokes. I’ve never thought of it this way before.

A man and his dog were walking along a road. The man was enjoying the scenery, when it suddenly occurred to him that he was dead. He remembered dying and that the dog walking beside him had been dead for years.

He wondered where the road was leading them. After a while, they came to a high, white stone wall along one side of the road. It looked like fine marble. At the top of a long hill, it was broken by a tall arch that glowed in the sunlight. When he was standing before it, he saw a magnificent gate in the arch that looked like mother-of-pearl and the street that led to the gate looked like pure gold. He and the dog walked toward the gate, and as he got closer, he saw a man at a desk to one side. When he was close enough, he called out, “Excuse me, where are we?”  “This is Heaven, sir,” the man answered. “Wow! Would you happen to have some water?” the man asked. “Of course, sir. Come right in, and I’ll have some ice water brought right up.”

The man gestured, and the gate began to open.

“Can my friend,” gesturing toward his dog, “come in, too?” the traveler asked. “I’m sorry, sir, but we don’t accept pets.” The man thought a moment and then turned back toward the road and continued the way he had been going with his dog. After another long walk, and at the top of another long hill, he came to a dirt road leading through a farm gate that looked as if it had never been closed.  There was no fence. As he approached the gate, he saw a man inside, leaning against a tree and reading a book. “Excuse me!” he called to the man, “do you have any water?” “Yeah, sure, there’s a pump over there, come on in.” “How about my friend here?” the traveler gestured to the dog. “There should be a bowl by the pump,” said the man.

They went through the gate, and sure enough, there was an old-fashioned hand pump with a bowl beside it. The traveler filled the water bowl and took a long  drink himself, then he gave some to the dog. When they were full, he and the dog walked back toward the man who was standing by the tree. “What do you call this place?” the traveler asked.  “This is Heaven,” he answered. “Well, that’s confusing,” the traveler said. “The man down the road said that was Heaven, too.'”

“Oh, you mean the place with the gold street and pearly gates? Nope. That’s Hell.”

“Doesn’t it make you mad for them to use your name like that?” “No, we’re just happy that they screen out the folks who would leave their best friends behind.”

So-o-o-o. Now you see, sometimes, we wonder why friends keep forwarding stuff to us without writing a word. Maybe this will explain it. When you are very busy, but still want to keep in touch, guess what you do?  You forward email’s! When you have nothing to say, but still want to keep contact, you forward jokes! When you have something to say, but don’t know what, and don’t know how . . . . you forward stuff!

A ‘forward’ lets you know that . .

. . . You are still remembered,

. . . You are still important,

. . . You are still loved,

. . . You are still cared for. So, next time if you get a ‘forward’, don’t think that you’ve been sent just another forwarded joke, but that you’ve been thought of today and your friend on the other end of your computer wanted to send you a smile. You are welcome at my water bowl anytime !! So here’s to keeping in touch . . .

Even if it means only forwarding on an email!

[This brief story came to me in an e-mail from a dear friend.  It is my pleasure to share it here with readers.  There’s a lot of truth in this story!]







I fear them for they look different,

I fear them so they must die,

I fear them for they believe different

I fear them so they must die

I fear them because I am poor

I fear them so they must die

I fear them for they have different sex

I fear them so they must die

I fear them for I cannot accept myself

I fear them so they must die

I fear them because I am told to

I fear them so they must die

I fear them because I do not understand

I fear them so they must die

I fear them for lack of education

I fear them so they must die

I fear them because I was raised to

I fear them so they must die

I fear fear

I fear them so they must die!